Hearing Loss Among Veterans: What Do the Studies Say?
A recent settlement in the 3M Earplug Lawsuit in favor of the United States military has once again highlighted the importance of hearing protection when working in noisy environments.
What was the 3M Earplug Lawsuit about?
In this highly publicized case under qui tam (whistle-blower) provisions of the False Claims Act, 3M and its predecessor, Aearo Technologies, Inc., had supplied the U.S. Military dual-ended Combat Arms Earplugs, version 2 (CAEv2), which were standard-issued equipment for Afghanistan and Iraq soldiers serving between 2003 and 2015.
The United States Military alleged 3M knew the CAEv2 earplugs were
- Too short for proper insertion into users’ ears.
- The plugs could loosen imperceptibly; therefore, did not perform well for many individuals.
- The defects hampered the effectiveness of hearing protection.
- The lack of protection exposed thousands of military personnel to hearing loss and tinnitus, and that they did not disclose this design defect to the military.
In July 2018, the Frank Robey, Director of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command’s Major Procurement Fraud Unit, in a press release issued by the Department of Justice, announced that 3M Company had agreed to pay $9.1 million to resolve allegations, however, did not admit liability.
Why is Hearing Loss Protection Critical in the Military?
One would expect Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD), lost limbs or traumatic brain injuries in post-combat personnel; however, you may be surprised to find that Hearing Loss is the Number One Service-oriented disability.
Noise pollution is a common factor in the military, whether you are on active duty, in combat zones, or working in noisy environments amongst military equipment. Nearly 3 million veterans receive disability benefits for hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing in ears), according to the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA).
The CDC estimates that military veterans have a 30% higher change of hearing problems than non-veterans, and despite efforts to improve military hearing conservation programs (HCPs) 10-18% of service personnel have been diagnosed with significant threshold shifts in their hearing.
Causes of Tinnitus and Hearing Loss in the Military
Hearing is a vital asset during tactical and survival training and combat, however, due to the nature of the profession, exposure to noise is inevitable, and prevention of hearing loss is key.
Military personnel are constantly exposed to high levels of noise, often for extended periods and combat can increase the risk six-fold, or 63%, according to an NIH study.
Earplugs should be used above 85 decibels, and, in general, can reduce noise levels by 30 plus decibels, but every 3-decibel increase in loud noises cuts the amount of time one can be exposed to the noise without damage, in half.
Earplugs assist with steady background noises such as that of a Black Hawk helicopter (106 decibels) or a Bradley Fighting Vehicle (130 decibels). An AT4 antitank weapon booms at 187 decibels, for a second only.
Long-term effects of Tinnitus and Hearing Loss
Hearing injuries and noise-induced injuries can have devastating long-term effects, and because of their lower visibility, often go unreported and be the hardest to deal with.
Veterans suffering from tinnitus may hear a buzzing, hissing, or ringing noise in their ears that never lets up. This affects their ability to relax, concentrate, and even sleep.
Hearing loss affects all aspects of life such as type of employment, family and social relationships and can lead to depression, isolation, and even eventual cognitive decline.
Treatment of patients with combat-related head trauma must include possible blast-related comorbidities including dizziness and imbalance, speech or language problems, and PTSD.
If you are a military veteran who lives in Michigan, and you have suffered hearing loss, contact Eileen Kroll at Cochran, Kroll, & Associates, P.C. at 1-866-MICH-LAW (1-866-642-4529) for a no obligation consultation. Eileen is a registered nurse and a top personal injury lawyer in Michigan. Our law firm never charges a fee unless a recovery is made.