What is the Notice of Intent to File Suit (NOI) in a Hospital Negligence Case?

A patient, or the family of a patient, may enter into a medical malpractice suit when they feel the hospital has not met a standard level of care that is a reasonable expectation for professionals in a medical institution. They must be able to prove that the hospital was negligent in their care and that this negligence led directly to the injuries the patient suffered. These are usually very complex cases, and it is in the best interests of the victim to make sure they have representation with a hospital negligence lawyer at our law firm.

In Michigan, there are very strict guidelines on how to file a hospital negligence claim, and these steps must be followed to avoid missing a statute of limitations date or other stage of the filing process. The law offices of Cochran, Kroll & Associates, P.C. have a great deal of experience and knowledge when working within the Michigan rules, and we are prepared to help you receive the compensation you deserve.

What is the Notice of Intent to File (NOI)?

The medical malpractice suits in Michigan have extra hoops that plaintiffs have to navigate because the state wants to avoid frivolous and irrelevant lawsuits that waste time for the lawyers and the courts. In this regard, the state stipulates several rules that either lead to a case dismissal or encourage a settlement out of court. The requirement for a Notice of Intent is one of these benchmarks.

If a patient thinks they have a valid complaint they have to file a Notice of Intent to sue 182 days before the lawsuit is actually started. This encourages the two sides to settle the dispute out of court if the sides can reach an agreement. In some cases the time limit is 91 days, and that would be in effect if in the process of researching the details of the case it was discovered that there was another person who was included in the complaint who was not discovered initially.

According to the laws in Michigan, the Notice of Intent must include certain pieces of information that must all be present for the suit to move forward. The required information consists of the claimant’s basis for the claim with related facts, the description of the standard of care that was expected, and how the defendant breached that standard of care by not providing the level of care expected.

The NOI must also describe what the health provider should have done to avoid the problem, and what exactly happened to the plaintiff when this was not done. The document must also provide the names and positions of all the defendants in the case.

Delivering the NOI

Once the NOI has been prepared it must be delivered promptly to the defendant, and there must be a record of it having been received. This is usually handled by the hospital negligence attorney and is usually in the form of a certified letter with a return receipt requested.

Within 154 days of the receipt of the Notice of Intent, the defendant must respond with a written description of the reasons why the claim is not applicable, and why the defendant was not negligent. If the defendant does not respond within 154 days, the claim becomes a lawsuit.

Final Note

The Notice of Intent to file is not a requirement in every state. However, in Michigan, it is used to alleviate baseless lawsuits and to encourage settlements before the case gets to trial. At the law firm of Cochran, Kroll & Associates, P.C. we are prepared to either help you settle your claim early or take it to trial. Our goal is to get you the best settlement possible. Call us at 1-866-MICH-LAW (1-866-642-4529) for a free initial consultation.

Tristan is a professional writer and had careers as a teacher of English, school administrator, and as a broker in real estate sales. He has gained a great deal of legal experience through his service as the president of a teacher’s union, a member of the board for a real estate association, and as the chairman of the Government Affairs Committee for the real estate board of directors. Before beginning a full-time job as a freelance writer, he was the Executive Director of the Global Business Alliance for a local Chamber of Commerce and sat on the Government Affairs Committee for the Chamber.

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